Measurement of Resistance (Wheatstone's Bridge)

Practicle – 2
MEASUREMENT OF RESISTANCE ( WHEATSTONE’S BRIDGE)
AIM :-
You are given a Wheatstone bridge and other necessary instruments. Find the values of the unknown resistance Rx. Exchange the positions of unknown resistance and resistance box in the gaps of Wheatstone bridge and repeat the experiment.

PRINCIPLE :-
It works on the principle of balanced Wheatstone bridge.

APPARATUS:-    
Wheatstone-bridge (meter-bridge),
2 Volt Battery,
Rheostat,
Galvanometer,          
Jockey,
Key,
Resistance box(1 – 100  W),
Resistance coil.

Apparatus for Wheatstone's Bridge Practicle





 Precautions :-
  1. Make proper and tight connections.
  2. Keep the keys tightly closed in the resistance box.
  3. Adjust the value of resistance box so that null point is obtained between 40 cm and 60 cm.
  4. Do not slide the jokey continuously over the wire.
Note :-  Keep high resistance of rheostat in the beginning of each observation so that current is less and the galvanometer is not damaged. After getting approximate position of null point only decrease the resistance of rheostat.

(1) Condition :- Connect unknown resistance Rx between M – N.
Line Diagram For Wheatstone's Bridge
Wiring Diagram for Wheatstone’s Bridge.
Use this setup for carry out practical so it may be easy to understand.

Wiring Diagram for Wheatstone's Bridge
Measure L1 and L2 and note down in your Table.

(2) Condition :- Interchange unknown resistance Rx between P – Q.
In which interchange
Unknown  Resistance RX and Known Resistance Box RB.
Line  Diagram for Interchange RX And RB
Wiring Diagram for Wheatstone’s Bridge. (Condition-2)
In which interchange Unknown Resistance RX and Known Resistance Box RB.
Use this setup for carry out practical so it may be easy to understand.

Wiring Diagram for Interchange RX And RB


 
Conclusion :-
(1)   Unknown Resistance, Rx = …….. W
(2)    Unknown Resistance, Ry = ……...W

No comments:

Post a Comment